Al-Hasan Al-Basri : "kalian tidak lebih dari sekumpulan hari-hari, setiap pergi satu hari, maka berarti pergi juga sebagian dari kalian" Rusdin

Selasa, 28 Mei 2013

What Is Formal And Informal Communication?


1. The main difference between formal and informal communication, aside from the language that is used, is the setting in which we use them. Formal communication would be used in a formal setting where communication efforts are ‘dressed’ up in order to impress. For example, in an interview to get into University, you would not use slang or colloquialisms. Informal communication is of course the opposite of formal. When using informal language, the rules of language that are applied to formal communication are not applied so people use many more colloquialisms and often slang words. This form of communication is most commonly used face to face between a friend of relative although due to advancements in communication technology, informal language is now used in texting, talking on the phone, on social networking sites or an instant message conversation.
Other examples of formal communication can also be non-verbal for example in a letter. In this circumstance and in others, it is important to address people in the correct way for example, Sir, Madam or Doctor. When beginning a letter to a person you do not know, you must start with ‘To Whom it may concern’. When in a formal situation such as at work or in an interview, some people tend to adopt a more formal tone of voice. For formal communication in written form, impeccable grammar and spelling is a must. For spoke communication, a great deal of emphasis is placed on the quality of the speaking voice and correct pronunciation.
We use informal communication throughout most of our days. You may greet your friends or relatives with a hug or kiss rather than a formal handshake. You will become much more relaxed around these people and not feel the need to make an effort with your voice. You will be less careful with your language choices and more inclined to use colloquialisms and perhaps even slang, if you are around your friends.

2. Formal communication is when people use the rules of language in a conversation or in writing format. In a conversation, it would be more likely for you to use formal communication when in an interview or writing a letter to a business or maybe work.

Informal communication is when people do not use the rules of language and may use slang in conversation. It would be more likely for you to use informal communication when you see a friend on the streets and you have a chat. It would also be informal like chatting on MSN or Facebook.